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York Optometric Centre

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Comprehensive eye exam

The Importance of a regular eye exam for adults:
During your eye exam the doctor is not only evaluating your eyes for visual correction (if you need eye glasses or contact lenses), they are also checking the overall health and function of your eye.

Many eye diseases have very little or slow progressing symptoms and cannot be detected unless you have a comprehensive eye exam. It is important to catch eye diseases early as some diseases, like Glaucoma, are not reversible, but they can be managed to preserve the vision.

Examples of what the doctor looking for:

  • Refractive Error: This refers to your prescription and is corrected with eye glasses, contact lenses or surgery.
  • Strabismus: This has to do with the muscular function in the eye.
  • Eye Diseases: These can be detected by looking at the eye’s blood vessels, retina and so forth. Diseases include Glaucoma, Cancer, Cataracts, Retinitis Pigmentosa, Diabetes, and many others.
  • Eye Problems: like dry eyes or computer syndrome.

The importance of an eye exam for children and Infants
Since many eye problems arise from conditions that can be identified by an eye doctor in an infant’s first year of life, a parent can give an infant a great gift by seeking an eye assessment in addition to the wellness evaluation of the eyes that is done by a pediatrician or family practice doctor.

How often should I get an eye exam?

  • Children: An assessment between six and 12 months of age is recommended to determine if an infant is at risk for eye or vision disorders. Children should at least have had one eye examination by the age of three, and then every year after that.
  • Adults: We recommended every two years, especially after the age of 40 as age increases the risk of many eye diseases.
  • Seniors: Over the age of 65, an annual eye exam is recommended.


Retinal Camera

What is a Retinal Camera?
A retinal camera is a specialized low power microscope with an attached camera designed to photograph the interior surface of the eye, including the retina, optic disc, macula, and posterior pole (i.e. the fundus).


Diabetic Vision maintenance

What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease that occurs when the pancreas does not secrete enough insulin or the body is unable to process it properly. Insulin is the hormone that regulates the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Diabetes can affect children and adults. 

How does diabetes affect the retina?
Patients with diabetes are more likely to develop eye problems such as cataracts and glaucoma, but the disease’s effect on the retina is the main threat to vision. Most patients develop diabetic changes in the retina after approximately 20 years but can occur as early as 5 years after diagnosis. The effect of diabetes on the eye is called diabetic retinopathy.


Contact Lenses

Choosing contact lenses?    
Contact lenses are medical devices which, like drugs, provide benefits while posing certain risks. Many people wear contact lenses to correct their vision. The reasons for choosing contacts over glasses or refractive eye surgery (which corrects the shape of the cornea) include lifestyle, sports and appearance.

With all of the convenient and healthy options available today almost anybody can wear contact lenses, including bifocal and progressive eye glass wearers as well as those with astigmatism.

Contact lenses that are not fit properly can cause physiological damage to the eye which is permanent in some cases.

In order to use contact lenses safely you will require a contact lens examination, please ask our staff to set up this appointment for you.

Laser Surgery co-management

Most people with vision correction issues want to know more about LASIK and whether it is right for them.

Here is a brief description of the procedure
A flap is surgically cut in the cornea and gently folded back. An Excimer Laser is used to reshape the cornea into a flatter shape (this is much like a contact lens corrects vision by forming a new shape on the cornea). The flap is then put back in place, acting like a natural bandage. The healing process is quick and the discomfort level is quite low.

People will often say that they did not feel anything, and could see well the very first day. Most people have improved vision in 24-28 hours, but it must be noted that each person will heal at a different rate. Vision, although greatly improved immediately after surgery, often continues to improve for some weeks, even months.

LASIK is not for everyone. Other than LASIK, there are several other surgical techniques available to correct vision including PRK and lens exchange. Eye conditions vary and only after a comprehensive examination will we be able to decide if LASIK surgery is the best course of treatment for you. If you are interested in laser vision correction, we will be happy to guide you in picking the right surgeon, procedure and laser appropriate care for you. 

Spectacle Frames and selection

We have a wide range of frames for your selection, brands that we carry include: D&G, Burberry, Michael Kors, Calvin Klein, BCBG, Roots, Alfred Sung, Flexon, Easy-clip and Humphrey.

For frame selection tips visit www. transitions.com


Sunwear and UV Protection

Ultraviolet radiation reaches the eyes not only from the sky above but also by reflection from the ground, especially water, snow, sand and other bright surfaces. Protection from sunlight may be obtained by using both a brimmed hat or cap and UV absorbing eyewear.

Ultraviolet radiation may play a contributory role in the development of various ocular disorders including cataract, pterygium, ocular cancers, photokeratitis (flash burns) and corneal degenerative changes. It may contribute to age-related macular degeneration.

UV Protection — A Must for Children

  • The average child receives three times the annual UV exposure of an adult
  • 7.5 times greater UVR transmission through the lens inside a child’s eye
  • 75% transmission at age 10, 10% at age 30
  • Damage from UVR is cumulative

As your eye care professional we consider UV protected sunglasses to be an integral part of your eye care needs.

The brands we carry include: Maui Jim, Burberry and Coach or you can make your own pair from our range of spectacle frames.

Optometric Services Inc.